Solids,Liquids and Gases

Question Answer
What are the states of matter? Solids,Liquids and Gases.
What are the properties of a solid? They do not flow. They keep their shape. They are often dense.
What are the properties of a liquid? They can flow. They take the shape of the container.
What are the properties of a gas? It spreads around the room. It moves to a place with low concentration of it. They aren't very dense.
Sand is a _____. Liquid.
If a sealed container with___ in it is exposed to ___ it will ______. Gas,Heat and Explode.
Solid _____ can be pushed. Particles.
Can a solid change it's shape? Not easily.
Do gases flow? Yes.
Can gases be shaped? No.
The spreading of particles is called ____. Diffusion.
Give 2 examples of diffusion. Tea and smell.
The cracks in landfills are caused by___. Gas.
______ if known as pressure. Pushing.
What is air pressure? It is air particles around us putting pressure on us.

vocabulary

Question Answer
tendons strands of tough connective tissues that connect your skeletal muscles to bones.
ligaments strong elastic bands of connective tissue that connect joints.
flexor a muscle that bends part of your body.
extensor a muscle that straightens part of your body.
melanin the chemical that determines your skin color.
emphysema a respiratory disease where the alveoli have been damaged.
gastric ulcer when the stomach acid eats through the stomach lining.
homeostatis the maintance of a stable internal environment.
epithelial tissue covers and protects underlying tissue.
nervous tissue sends electrical signals throught the body found in the brain, nerves, and sense organs.
muscle tissue made of cells that contract and relax to produce movement.
connective tissue joins, supports, protects, insulates, nourishes, and cushions organs. Keeps organs from falling apart.
epidermis the outermost layer of the skin.
dermis the layer below the epidermis
plasma fluid part of the blood.
antibodies chemicals that identify of destroy pathogens
hemoglobin oxygen carrying protein gives RBC's their red color.
antigens chemicals that are on the surface of your RBC's
alveoli the tiny air sacs of the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged
respiration the exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide between living cells and their environment
lymph nodes an organ that filters lymph and that is found along the lymphatic vessels
chyme a soupy mixture that is the product of the stomach
villi finger like projections that absorb nutrients
urea one of the most important substances removed by nephrons, which contains nitrogen and is formed when cells use protein for energy
enzymes substances that break some nutrients into smaller particles that the body can use
mechanical digestion the breaking, crushing, or mashing of food.
chemical digestion when large molecules are broken down into nutrients.
nephron the unit in the kidney that filters blood.
aerobic exercises moderately intense activities that can increase muscle strenghth but mostly strangthens the heart and increase indurance.
resistance exercises a way to strengthen skeletal muscles. people work against the resistance or weight of an object.
nutrient substances that provide the materials needed for life processes.

Brand, Generic, Class, Use

Brand Generic Class Use
BuSpar Buspirone Hydrochloride Antianxiety Treats short-term anxiety symptoms
Combivent Albuterol/ipratropium Antiasthmatic/bronchodialator Prevents bronchospasm in people with COPD
Januvia Sitagliptin phosphate Antidiabetic Treats type II diabetes mellitus
Boniva Ibandronate sodium osteoporosis agent bisphosphonates Prevents osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
Trinessa Norgestimate and ethinyl estradiol Oral Contraceptive Used in prevention of pregnancy, regulates the menstrual cycle, treats symptoms of menopause and severe acne
NuvaRing Etonogestrel and ethinyl estradiol (vaginal) Contraceptive Prevention in pregnancy
Cartia XT Diltiazem Antihypertensive calcium channel blocker Treats hypertension and angina
Adalat CC/Procardia XL Nifedipine Antihypertensive calcium channel blocker Treats hypertension and angina
Macrobide/ Macrodantin Nitrofurantoin Antibacterial miscellaneous antibiotic Prevents UTI
Duragesic Fentanyl (Transdermal) Narcotic analgesic Manage chronic pain

Science

Question Answer
A simple carbohydrate that tastes sweet and provides quick energy is… sugar
A carbohydrate made up of a chain of simple sugars which gives us energy is… starch
What provides us with important chemicals called nutients? food
What helps our bodies grow and repair themselves? protein
What is the nutrient that us used for padding, insulation, energy, and brain function? fat
What provides our bodies with the largest energy sources- sugars and starches? carbohydrates
What kind of carbohydrate is glucose? simple
What kind of carbohydrate is starch? complex
What kind of energy does starch give us? long term
What kind of energy does sugar give us? short term
What is the world's #1 source of starch? rice
Where can protein be found? animals and plants
Besides meat, name 2 good sources of protein: nuts, beans, eggs, milk, peas, cheese, tofu (soy)
Name 2 good things about fat. 1. cushions organs 2. brain development 3. energy 4. makes you feel full 5. insulation 6. protects bones 7. stores vitamins
Name 2 bad things about fat. 1. leads to obesity 2. increases the risk of heart disease 3. increase cholesterol
What is a calorie? measures units of energy in food

ñâîéñòâà àçîòíîé êèñëîòû

Question Answer
êàêèì ñïèðòîì â áûòó íàçûâàþò àììèàê? íàøàòûðíûé
NH3- ýòî ôîðìóëà… àììèàêà
àììèàê ïðèìåíÿþò äëÿ ïðîèçâîäñòâà àçîòíîé êèñëîòû è àçîòñîäåðæàùèõ…. óäîáðåíèé
ðåàêöèè ïðîòåêàþùèå ïðè âûñîêèõ òåìïåðàòóðàõ ñ âûäåëåíèåì òåïëà íàçûâàþò… ýêçîòåðìè÷åñêèå
äîñòàòî÷íî èíåðòíûé ïðè íîðìàëüíûõ óñëîâèÿõ äâóõàòîìíûé ãàç áåç öâåòà, âêóñà è çàïàõà, èç êîòîðîãî íà òðè ÷åòâåðòè ñîñòîèò çåìíàÿ àòìîñôåðà. àçîò
æèäêèé àçîò ïðèìåíÿåòñÿ êàê…. õëàäàãåíò

like boss

Question Answer
Organism that uses energy from the sun or other chemical reactions to make its own food. Producer
An animal that feeds on other animals and plants. Omnivore
Organism that feeds on dead animals. Scavenger
An organism that breaks down dead organisms, animal droppings, leaves, and other waste produced by living things. Decomposer
Photosynthetic plants and algae produce what? All of the energy in their ecosystem
A producer contains the most energy?
true/false
True
All ecosystems or biomes have organisms do what? Fill similar ecologic rules
Phyto plankton live in fresh or salt water, but what do they produce? Their own food
A nonliving part of an ecosystem. Abiotic factors
A living part of an ecosystem. Biotic factors
Fewer organisms exist in the polar tundra because? Not as many organisms are specialized to survive the cold
The sun is a? Constant source of energy
Plastic comes from? Oil
If object x is more dense then object n will object n sink or float? Float
Sound travels by? Vibrating air molecules
Friction produces what? Heat
The transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in matter. Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves. Radiation
Transfer of thermal energy by the movement in matter. Convection
Ultra violet waves are harmful and can? Pass through clouds
Our California current keeps? Our state cool
Warm moist air comes from? The poles
The lithosphere contains? Earth's plate tectonics
Earthquakes occur along? Plate boundries
What happens when continental and continental plates colide? Mountain building
What happens when oceanic and continental plates colide? Subduction
The San Adreas fault occurs along? The border of oceanic & continental plates
The richter scale is used to? Measure the strength of earthquakes
What is triangulation? Uses S-waves and P-waves to determine the epicenter of an earthquake
Lithification turns? Sedimentary rock
Define uniformitariasm. The idea that the process are at work today were also working on Earth in the past
Define superposition. Theory that the udisturbed layers of rock have the oldest layers on the bottom and the youngest on the top
Which layer is the youngest? The layer on the top

Pomucka k uceni na statnice OI SI

Question Answer
Vztahy v UML
Druhy UML diagramu
GRASP
Demeterino pravidlo
Creational Design Patterns
Structural Design Patterns
Behavioral Design Patterns
Zasady navrhu rozhrani
Integrace subsystemu
CORBA
COM
Integrace externich datovych zdroju
Nevyhody CVS
Pravidla pro tvorbu prenositelneho kodu
Kompilace GNU baliku
Naklady vlastnictvi systemu
Net Present Value
Naklady spojene s vypadky
Nefunkcionalni pozadavky podle ISO 9126
Amadahluv zakon
Nazvoslovi chyb
Rizeni rizika
Co obsahuje ERP
Druhy CRM
SOA formalismy
Struktura WSDL
Casti UDDI
Choreografie
Implementace SOA
RDF a RDFS
OWL
Automaticka kompozice semantickych sluzeb
QoS
Trust a reputace v SOA
Kategorie SW chyb
Modely spolehlivosti SW
Weibullova distribuce
Ortogonalni pole
Strukturalni analyza
Staticka analyza
Dynamicka analyza
Analyza datovych toku
Temporalni logiky
Temporalni verifikace
UPPAAL
J2EE frameworky
Druhy virtualizace
Omezeni cloudovych aplikaci

Forms of Energy

Question Answer
What is sound energy vibrations that travel in waves through solids, liquids and gases
How does sound travel In waves of vibrating molecules moving away from the source
Why does sound travel faster through solids the molecules are the closest together
Can sound travel in outer space no, because there arent any molecules to carry vibrations
The distance between the tops of two waves is called the wavelength
How often a wave passes a certain point is called the frequency
The height of a wave is called its amplitude
What is the crest the high point of a wave
Wavelength the distance between two consecutive points on a wave (from crest to crest or trough to trough)
Trough the low point of a wave
amplitude the height of a wave relative to it's resting position
Why do you see lightning before you hear thunder light travels faster than sound
reflect the bouncing back of a light or sound wave after reaching a barrier
refract when waves bend because something slows him down
absorb when something takes in light
transmit passing through something
emit give off light
radio waves lowest form or energy and frequency – long wavelength
visible light the part our naked eye can see
gamma rays radioactive materials that can kill body cells
mechanical energy energy associated with moving parts
chemical energy Energy stored in chemical bonds that hold energy together. This energy may be released when chemical bonds are broken (food)
Like charges repel
Opposite charges attract
what is electricity the flow of electrons from one atom to another
How do electrons flow negative to positive
When does static electricity occur when an electric charge builds up in one place ~ when electrons make their jump from a negative to a positive atom it releases a static discharge
Series Circuit *Electrons only follow one path
*Share a voltage
*If one bulb goes out, the other one will too because it will be an open circuit
Paralel Circuit *Electrons have more than one path
*Dont share voltage
*If one goes out, other will stay lit

Chapter 1

Question Answer
-lip-

fat
lip/o fat
-emia blood condition
hyper- excessive
-protein- protein
angi/o vessel
vas/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
cardi/o heart
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
herm/o blood
hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
oste/o bone
ur/o urine
urin urine
-al pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-ectomy excision (removal)
-ia condition of
-itis inflammation
-logy study of
-megaly enlargement
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
oligo- few or deficient
para- alongside of, abnormal
peri- around
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-dynia pain
-ium structure or tissue
-logy study of
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhexis rupture
endo- within
epi- upon
sub- below or under
a- without
an- without
anti- against or opposed to
contra- against or opposed to
de- form, down, or not
ab- away from
ad- to, toward, or near
circum- around
dia- across or through
trans- across or through
e- out or away
ec- out or away
ex- out or away
ecto- outside
exo- outside
extra- outside
en- within
intra- within
inter- between
meso- middle
meta- beyond, after, or change
para- alongside of or abnormal
retro- backward or behind
sub- below or under
infra- below or under
bi- two or both
hemi- half
semi- half
hypo- below or deficient
macro- long or large
micro- small
mono- one
uni- one
oligo- few or deficient
pan- all
poly- many
multi- many
quadri- four
super- above or excessive
supra- above or excessive
tri- three
ultra- beyond or excessive
ante- before
pre- before
pro- before
brandy- slow
tachy- fast
post- after or behind
re- again or back
con- together or with
syn- together or with
sym- together or with
dys- painful, difficult, or faulty
eu- good or normal
neo- new
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-genesis origin or production
-lysis breaking down or dissolution
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-penia abnormal reduction
-rrhea discharge
-spasm involuntary contaction
-cele pouching or hernia
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-iasis formation or presence of
-malacia softening
-oma tumor
-osis condition or increase
-phil attraction for
-philia attraction for
-ptosis falling or downward placement
-rrhage to bust forth
-rrhagia to bust forth
-centesis puncture for aspiration
-desis binding
-ectomy excision (removal)
-pexy suspension or fixation
-plasty surgical repair or reconstruction
-rrhapy suture
-tomy incision
-stomy creation of an opening
-action process
-e general indication that a word is a person, place, or thing

Cells

Question Answer
Name the 5 characteristics of life. Reproduction, One or More Cells, Respond to Environment/Maintain Homeostasis, Growth & Development, and Obtain & Use Energy
Define Contains One or More Cells. characteristic which says that an organism must contain one or more of the smallest units of a living thing, which is a cell,
Give an examples for Contains One or More Cells Unicellular = bacteria Multicellular = dogs, trees
Explain the difference between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic Cells have a nucleus, Prokaryotic Cells don't.
All prokaryotes are unicellular
Name the 6 parts of the bacteria cell. DNA, Ribosomes, Cell Membrane, Flagellum or Cilia, Cell Wall, Cytoplasm.
What is a cell? A cell is the smallest unit of a living thing.
or a…
collection of living matter enclosed by a plasma membrane that separates it from environment
Explain the two types of cellular organisms Unicellular organisms are organisms with only one cell and multicellular organisms are organisms with more than one cell.
Give an example of cells. A tree is full of functional cells but when the wood is cut off from the tree, the piece of wood will have cells that are no longer functional.
What does the plasma membrane do? It surrounds the cell and separates it from its environment.
Define reproduction. Reproduction is the production of offspring.
Name and define the two basic kinds of reproduction. Give an example for each. Sexual reproduction requires two cells to unite to produce the new organism. (birds) Asexual is when a single organism can reproduce without needing another cell, for example they can divide themselves into two. (bacteria)
Define Growth and define Development. Growth is an increase in size. Development is all of the changes that take place in an organism's life.
How is the growth of a living thing different from the growth of a nonliving thing? give example The growth of a living thing is not forced, it happens by itself. The growth of a nonliving thing is forced. Ex. Snowball is nonliving and growth is forced.
Define energy. Energy is the ability to make things change.
Define Obtaining and Using Energy. Obtaining it is how the organism acquires it. Organisms use the energy to maintain balance, grow, reproduce, and other functions.
What is the difference between an autotroph and a heterotroph? Heterotrophs are organisms that get energy from the food they eat. Autotrophs are organisms that use energy from the sun to make their own food. –> use photosynthesis
Define Respond to Environment
/Maintain Homeostasis.
Organisms responding to changes in environment like water, temperature, other organisms, etc.
Homeostasis = Balancing an organism's internal environment in order to survive
Give an 2 examples for homeostasis Maintaining body temperature, levels of water
Give an example for respond to environment Venus Fly trap
What is the cell wall? Rigid structure that supports and gives cell its shape, made of complex sugars, not found in animal cells.
What is the cell membrane. Protective barrier around cell, inside wall. Controls what goes in and out of the cell.
What is the cytoplasm? Watery material which contains many of the materials involved in cell metabolism.
What is endoplasmic reticulum? organelle, system of folded membranes, a pathway for transportation + storage
What are ribosomes? Where are they made? Ribosomes are organelles that make proteins. no membrane
made in nucleolus
What is the MIGHTY mitochondria? It is the "powerhouse" of the cell. Breaks down sugar to produce energy. Site of cellular respiration + stores energy in ATP.
What is the nucleus? It is a large organelle command center that contains the cell's DNA (instructions). Has a double membrane + nucleolus in center.
What are nuclear pores? Control movement into and out of the nucleus.
What is the golgi complex? Organelle that modifies and packages proteins + lipids, uses vesicles to transport products
What are centrioles? Involved in cell division in animal cells.
What are lysosomes? organelles that contain digestive enzymes. get rid of waste materials.
What are chloroplasts? organelle that uses energy of sunlight to make food, Site of photosynthesis
What is a vesicle? A small sac that surrounds material to be moved into or out of a cell + within a cell
What is the difference between the flagellum and cilia? The flagellum is one long, hairlike structure the cilia are the many hairlike structures.
What is a vacuole? Fluid filled organelles enclosed by a membrane that contains stored food or wastes.
Explain diffusion. The movement of particles from areas of high concentration to low concentration. (tries to balance areas)
Explain osmosis. The diffusion of water through semipermeable membrane.
Describe what happens in osmosis. The water molecules move to where they are less concentrated.
Why is osmosis important to cell functions. The concentration of particles is kept in balance by osmosis.
Describe what would happen if you put red blood cells into a salty solution. The concentration of water molecules inside the cell is higher than the concentration outside the cell. This makes water move out of the cell, causes the cells to shrivel.
What is passive transport? Movement of substances across the cell membrane without the use of energy. high –> low concentration.
What is active transport? Movement of substances across the cell membrane with the use of energy. Usually low –> high concentration.
Explain endocytosis and exocytosis. (forms of active transport) In endocytosis
1. cell membrane surrounds a particle
2. encloses it in a vesicle
3. brings it into the cell.

exocytosis
1. the particle is enclosed in a vesicle
2. Fuses with membrane
3. then released out of the cell

Define photosynthesis. Process in which plants + other organisms are able to change the sun's energy into food.
Where does almost all of the energy that fuels life come from? The sun.
What are pigments? What pigment is used in photosynthesis? The molecules in plant cells that absorb light energy. Chlorophyll used to absorb light energy
How do plants get their green color? From chlorophyll.
What is glucose? Glucose is a simple sugar/carbohydrate that is the plant's food, made from photosynthesis.
Explain why glucose is important to a plant cell. It converts the sun's energy to a type of energy that can be stored.
What happens in photosynthesis? Plants use light energy to change CO2 and water into food called glucose, oxygen is released
What is the formula for photosynthesis? 6CO^2 carbon dioxide + 6H^2O water+ light energy = (C^6 H^12 O^6) glucose + (6O^2) oxygen
What is cellular respiration? animal cells getting energy by breaking down food using oxygen
What is fermentation? animal cells getting energy by breaking down food without using oxygen
Why is breathing important to many organisms? Breathing supplies the oxygen need and gets rid of carbon dioxide.
Describe what takes places during cellular respiration. Cells use oxygen to break down glucose into water and CO2, energy is released.
What does your body do with the energy released during cellular respiration. Mostly used to maintain body temperature
some for forming ATP.
What does ATP stand for and what is its function? Adenosine triphosphate, supplies energy that fuels cell activities.
Where does cellular respiration take place? Mitochondria.
Where does photosynthesis take place? Chloroplast.
What is the formula for cellular respiration? (C^6 H^12 O^6) glucose + (6C^2) oxygen = ATP + (6CO^2) carbon dioxide + 6H^2O (water)
During photosynthesis, plant cells use carbon dioxide to make glucose and release oxygen. How is this different from cellular respiration? In respiration oxygen is used to break down glucose while carbon dioxide is released. The processes are flipped.
Why do you get a burning sensation in your muscles during strenuous exercise? Muscle cells can't get the oxygen they need for cellular respiration so they use fermentation. it makes lactic acid that creates the burning sensation.
What is another kind of fermentation? Bacteria and yeast.
How does the process of fermentation help bread rise. The bubbles from carbon dioxide causes the dough to rise.
Wood is made of…
Trees are made of..
Cell walls
Cells
Reproduction is essential for..
but not essential for ..
a species' survival
survival of organism
3 benefits of being multicellular? larger size, longer life, specialization of cells
Give an example for growth.
give an example for development
puppy –> dog
metamorphosis in frogs
Describe the levels of organization: Cell, Tissue, organ, organ system, organism
(each one is basically a group of the previous working together to carry out function)
What are the structures that allow single celled organisms to move? • Flagellum (long, hairlike)
• Cilia (shorter hairlike structures)
• Pseudopodia (extension of cytoplasm, used to feed)
Write the 15 parts of a eukaryotic cell: o Cell Membrane
o Cytoplasm
o Ribosomes
o Mitochondria
o Nucleus
o Nucleolus
o Rough ER
o Smooth ER
o Golgi apparatus
o Centrioles
o Lysosomes
o Vesicle
o Chloroplast
o Cell Wall
o Vacuole
What is a gradient? Different areas of concentration
Organisms obtain nutrients in endocytosis by…
Organisms obtain nutrients with chlorophyll by …
bringing particles in with vesicles using energy
absorbing light energy from sun
What is protozoa? animal-like protists (type of eukaryote)
Describe the Rough ER covered in ribosomes + usually found near nucleus it transports the proteins throughout the cell.
Describe Smooth ER Smooth ER stores particles + breaks down harmful toxic materials